How is a certificate defined in the system?
At first, the root organization is defined. Root organization is equal to an ordinary
address in the CCXX network. This address, as the reference, will have a registered UTXO and initial
This UTXO, which is considered as the root credit of the network, along with the balance
that is given to the root organization via a transaction, are the permit for issuing
When a certificate issuing organization comes to terms with a root organization to draw up a
certificate issuing contract, per each certificate, an amount equal to 0.001 CCXX will be
transferred to the address of three signatures of the certificate issuing representative.
For example, if there is a need to issue 1000 certificates, 1 CCXX will be transferred from
the reference’s UTXO root to the designated address. In making these transactions, the fee
is deducted from another balance other than the root.
The address designated to the certificate issuing organization is a three-signature address.
The first signature is specified by the root. The second signature is provided by the
issuer. And the third signature is provided by the certificate issuing system.
Certificate issuing system is in fact a special wallet that is used to issue any
type of certificate. Issuing a certificate is a special transaction in the system that uses
the balance of the main reference with the fixed amount of 0.001 CCXX. In the transaction,
excess data related to the issued certificate will be recorded using OP_RETURN.
The recipient of the certificate will create a private key. Then, using this private key, a
three-signature address is created (root signature / issuer signature / recipient signature)
and the balance of this address will be 0.001 CCXX.
With the help of the exclusive explorer for the certificate issuing system, which specifies
a unique address for each certificate issued, we can see when and what reference
organization issued the certificate.
In this explorer, all the background information about the certificate can be accessed via
decoding the recorded data.
If the certificate is transferable, the recipient can transfer it to others via an exclusive
This transfer is made using three signatures, current certificate holder signature, root
signature, and the issuer signature. Then the transaction is made to a new address with
three signatures: new certificate holder signature, root signature, and the issuer
Note: transferring certificates is managed by a special wallet, which requires the
signatures of issuer and root. As such, it cannot be carried out using a mobile wallet.
Main applications in system’s components:
Certificate defining system: it is similar to a wallet, which can receive the
information of certificate issuers and their quantity and create special
transactions (creating certificate issuer wallet – transferring the amount of
certificates from root balance in addition to OP_RETURN to specify the details –
transferring the amount required to pay for the fee of the certificate issuer
Certificate issuing system: this wallet can issue certificates by obtaining the
issuer organization’s signature. To issue certificates, a special transaction is
made to the address of the certificate recipient. The certificate issuing system
contains the signature of the root organization.
Certificate confirmation and transfer system
This system, which is a special wallet, has these features:
Displaying a certificate and its issuing details
Confirming ownership over the certificate with the signature of the recipient
Transferring certificates that are transferable
This system also has the capability to receive the signatures of the issuer and root
Certificate issuing system’s public explorer: this system offers a list of all
certificates and their transactions in an open access manner. The explorer system is
open source and can be installed by all users.
All the components of this system are only recorded on the Blockchain network. Fixed data
such as wallet addresses and root transactions are registered in the source code of systems
and are offered as open source.
Therefore, all the information is available to public in a clear and transparent manner.